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A longitudinal examination of verbal reassurance during infant immunization: Occurrence and examination of emotional availability as a potential moderator
(Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 2012)
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations between caregiver verbal reassurance and infant pain-related distress during immunization over the first year of life. The relationships between verbal reassurance and ...
A longitudinal analysis of the development of infant facial expressions in responses to acute pain: Immediate and regulatory expressions
Facial expressions during infancy are important to examine as infants do not have the language skills to describe their experiences. This is particularly vital in the context of pain where infants depend solely on their ...