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A longitudinal analysis of the development of infant facial expressions in responses to acute pain: Immediate and regulatory expressions
Facial expressions during infancy are important to examine as infants do not have the language skills to describe their experiences. This is particularly vital in the context of pain where infants depend solely on their ...
Non-pharmacological management of infant and young child procedural pain: An abridged Cochrane review
(Pain and Research Management, 2011)
BACKGROUND: Acute pain and distress during medical procedures are commonplace for young children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for acute procedural pain in children up to three ...
Chronic Pain in Hospitalized Infants: Health Professionals' Perspectives
Potentially significant numbers of infants hospitalized in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) and Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) experience chronic pain. However, the phenomenon of chronic pain in infancy has ...