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dc.contributor.authorTomlinson, David
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-05T03:20:20Z
dc.date.available2012-10-05T03:20:20Z
dc.date.issued2001
dc.identifier.citationFES Outstanding Graduate Student Paper Seriesen_US
dc.identifier.issn1702-3548
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10315/18107
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents a rationale for promoting bicycles for basic transportation, in the context of global efforts to achieve more sustainable urban development. The importance of urban transportation systems, and the negative impacts of automobile dependence are discussed. An empirical approach to developing local sustainable transportation initiatives is presented, based on comparative study of North American and European municipalities that have successfully promoted alternatives to automobile use. The general conclusion is that the overriding freedom of movement of motorists must be restrained as infrastructure improvements that support alternative modes are implemented.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFaculty of Environmental Studies, York Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVol. 7;No. 6
dc.titleThe Bicycle and Urban Sustainabilityen_US
dc.typeOtheren_US
dc.rights.publisherhttp://www.yorku.ca/fes/research/students/outstanding/index.htmen_US


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