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Human Evaluation in Russian Appellative Anthroponymy (on Zauralye Archival Sources of the 16th–19th Centuries)

Human Evaluation in Russian Appellative Anthroponymy (on Zauralye Archival Sources of the 16th–19th Centuries)

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Title: Human Evaluation in Russian Appellative Anthroponymy (on Zauralye Archival Sources of the 16th–19th Centuries)
Author: Parfenova, Nina
Savinykh, Valentina
Abstract: This paper deals with research on Russian anthroponyms using an analysis based on the linguocultural
concept of “human evaluation”. The original handwritten records created in the Zauralye territory during
the 16th–19th centuries were used as documentary sources. The Russian people’s mentality during this
particular period of development was reflected in these anthroponyms, as were the perception of the world
and the reflection of Russian inner life during the 16th–19th centuries. Nowadays interest in this particular
topic has increased: Russians are trying to discover their origins and history, while foreigners attempt to
learn “the secrets of the Russian soul.”
Appellative anthroponyms are a large group of names that express an emotional evaluation of a human
being. At the moment of naming, nicknames performed a characterizing function, they named a person and
evaluated a person’s personality on the basis of the most obvious distinguishing features. Later on, family
names, derived from nicknames, became non-semantic and began to carry out only the identification
function typical for a proper name.
Nicknames, and Russian family names derived from them, fixed the evaluation of different human
qualities and characteristics: emotionality, open display of feelings, extroversion, talkativeness,
collectivism, superstition and a belief in fate. The cultural component of proper names is indirectly
reflected in the semantics of appellative anthroponyms and provides an opportunity to understand the
history of Russian culture and the psychology and mentality of Russians.
Subject: Russian Personal Names
Zauralye Archival Sources
Russian Anthroponymy
Type: Article
Rights: The following articles are © 2009 with the individual authors. They are made available free of charge from this page as a service to the community under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivative Works license version 3.0. For full details go to http://creativecommons.org.licenses/ny-nd.3.0
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/4019
Published: York University
Citation: Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Onomastic Sciences
ISBN: 978-1-55014-521-2
Date: 2009

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