Rethinking Migration in the Age of the Anthropocene
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The rise in global temperatures and extreme weather events has affected agricultural trends throughout the world and threatened the livelihoods of entire communities. Although not a determinant on its own, environmental degradation constitutes one of the overlooked causes of mass displacement in the 21st century. This dissertation works with the myth of invasion by environmental refugees in order to understand the systemic nature and demographic characteristics of population displacement related to the erasure of the means of survival, land and work for communities en masse, compelling members of these communities to take severe risks for survival. More specifically, this dissertation examines the implications of non-recognition for environmentally displaced people and linkages between environmental displacement and various conditions of precarity. The underlying aim of my research is two-fold: to make theoretical contribution to the field of forced migration studies by further explaining the significance of non-recognition for the environmentally displaced, and to consider the practical implications of non-recognition by establishing connections between environmental displacement and irregular migration, as well as the formation of regional clusters of precarious labour and other forms of exploitation.