Eye-Head-Hand Coordination During Visually Guided Reaches in Head-Unrestrained Macaques
Arora, Harbandhan Kaur
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Our goal was to determine if reaching influences eye-head coordination (and vice versa) in Rhesus macaques. Eye, head, and hand motion were recorded in two animals using search coil and touch screen technology, respectively. Animals were seated in a customized chair which allowed unencumbered head motion and reaching in depth. In the reach condition, animals were trained to touch a central LED at waist level while maintaining central gaze and were then rewarded if they touched a target appearing at one of 15 locations. In other variants, initial hand or gaze position were varied in the horizontal plane. In similar control tasks, animals were rewarded for gaze accuracy. In the reach task, animals made eye-head gaze shifts toward the target followed by reaches that were accompanied by prolonged head motion toward the target. This resulted in significantly larger velocities and final ranges of head position compared with the gaze control.