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The Mind of the New Socialist Student in the Chinese Revolutionary Imagination, 1949-1958

The Mind of the New Socialist Student in the Chinese Revolutionary Imagination, 1949-1958

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Title: The Mind of the New Socialist Student in the Chinese Revolutionary Imagination, 1949-1958
Author: Gao, Zhipeng
Abstract: Between 1949 and 1958, the nascent Peoples Republic of China witnessed a radical shift of knowledge about the human mind that transformed pedagogy. Against the Cold War and the changing Sino-Soviet relation, Chinese psychologists progressively repudiated American and Soviet schools for their shared deterministic philosophy and disinterest in human agency and class struggle. In light of this critique, educators abandoned psychological science as the basis of pedagogy and endeavored to create a supreme new socialist student to meet Chinas economic and political agendas. This dissertation explores this exteriorization epistemic transition by juxtaposing psychology and education. Taking advantage of so far untapped archival and published sources, this dissertation explores how psychologists, educators, and students navigated between a utopian communist dream and Chinas harsh socioeconomic reality in the creation of the new socialist student ideal. Chapter One Wrestling with Human Nature argues that the critique of psychology instantiated Chinas progressive ethos that, in the endeavor of transforming human mentality, rejected scientific discovery of mental laws. Chapter Two Laborizing Education argues that students faced excessive academic and labor tasks due to Chinas pursuit of post-war recovery, of success in Cold War competition, and of forestalling future labor-based class stratification. Chapter Three Engendering Citizenship scrutinizes how educators tapped into students subjectivity to produce a new citizenship identity capable of dismantling existing social relations.
Subject: Asian studies
Keywords: Affectivity
Agency
All-round development
America
Anti-Rightist Campaign
Bio-politics
Capability
China
Child
Citizenship
Class struggle
Class stratification
Collectivism
Communism
Communist party
Creativity
Curriculum
Criticism
Critique
De-Stalinization
Democracy
Determinism
Dialectics
Dictatorship
Division of labor
Dogmatism
Economy
Educability
Education
Educational revolution
Employment
Epistemology
Exteriorization
Family
Generation
Governance
Great Leap Forward
Health
History
Human malleability
Human nature
Human sciences
Hundred Flowers Campaign
Idealism
Ideology
Ideological and political education
Independent thinking
Individuality
Labor
Labor education
Legitimacy
Mao
Materialism
Marx
Mind
Modernization
Morality
New socialist human
Pavlov
Pedagogy
Philosophy
Politics
Productivity
Psychology
Role modelling
School
Science
Social relation
Socialism
Socialist competition
Soviet Union
Specialization
Stalin
Student
Subjectivity
Teacher
Textbook
Revolution
Uniformity
Utopia
Workload
Type: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Rights: Author owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35576
Supervisor: Teo, Thomas
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Program: Psychology(Functional Area: History and Theory)
Exam date: 2018-08-23
Publish on: 2018-11-21

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