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Associations Between Early Childhood Attachment and Maternal Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Associations Between Early Childhood Attachment and Maternal Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Title: Associations Between Early Childhood Attachment and Maternal Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Author: Badovinac, Shaylea Danica
Abstract: The current study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze concurrent and longitudinal associations between maternal depression and anxiety symptoms and mother-child attachment during early childhood (aged 2 to 7 years) as assessed using the coding systems by Cassidy and Marvin (1992) and Main and Cassidy (1988). The review was pre-registered with PROSPERO and followed PRISMA guidelines. A total of 7,969 records were screened and 20 articles were deemed as eligible for inclusion in the review. Studies were reviewed using qualitative synthesis techniques and meta-analysis. Results indicated that higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms were consistently associated with disorganized/controlling child attachment behaviours. No significant association was found between maternal anxiety symptoms and child attachment. These results suggest that maternal depressive symptoms may confer risk for disorganized/controlling attachment during early childhood. Implications for research and clinical practice are discussed.
Subject: Developmental psychology
Keywords: Parent-child attachment
Maternal mental health
Depression
Anxiety
Systematic review
Meta-analysis
Early childhood
Preschool
Kindergarten
Type: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Rights: Author owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35544
Supervisor: Riddell, Rebecca
Degree: MA - Master of Arts
Program: Psychology(Functional Area: Clinical-Developmental)
Exam date: 2018-08-10
Publish on: 2018-11-21

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