On Microstructure And Corrosion Properties Of Selective Laser Melted 316L Stainless Steel
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In this study, a laser additive manufacturing method, known as selective laser melting (SLM), was applied to produce cube blocks of 316L stainless steel. The microstructure and corrosion properties of the produced samples were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization testing, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results were also compared with the properties of a conventional wrought 316L stainless steel sample. The microstructural studies showed that the SLM-manufactured samples have a regular network of melt pools containing austenite grains along with elongated or equiaxed cellular sub-grains. The potentiodynamic polarization results depicted that the SLM fabricated samples had higher positive pitting potential and a wider passivation range than those of the wrought sample, corresponding to their better corrosion resistance. However, the SLM fabricated samples showed a weaker re-passivation property, which possibly is attributed to the presence of pre-existing porosities in the structure of the SLM sample formed during the fabrication process. The EIS data also confirmed a larger capacitive arc for the SLM fabricated samples than its wrought counterpart, indicating a higher charge transfer impedance and a better corrosion resistance.