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Impact Force Reduction Strategies To Achieve Safer Human-Robot Collisions

Impact Force Reduction Strategies To Achieve Safer Human-Robot Collisions

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Title: Impact Force Reduction Strategies To Achieve Safer Human-Robot Collisions
Author: Rouzbeh, Behrad
Bone, Gary M.
Identifier: CSME195
Abstract: The increasing use of robots operating close to people has made human-robot collisions more likely. In this paper, strategies intended to reduce the impact force to a safe level, without sacrificing the robot’s performance, are investigated. The strategies can be applied to a robot arm without modifying its internal hardware. They include the existing strategies: lowering the actuator controller’s stiffness; actuator switched off upon impact detection; withdrawing the arm upon impact detection; and adding a compliant cover. We also propose the novel strategy of limiting the controller’s feedback term. The collision scenario studied is a robot arm colliding with a person’s constrained head. An improved lumped parameter model of the constrained impact is proposed. Simulation results are included for a UR5 collaborative robot. Sixteen combinations of the impact force reduction strategies are compared. The results show that using a high stiffness controller with a feedback limit and compliant cover reduces the impact force to a safe level, and achieves precise trajectory tracking.
Subject: Mechatronics
Robots and Control
Collaborative robot
Compliant covering
Human-robot collision
Impact force
Robot control
Robot safety
Type: Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35249
http://dx.doi.org/10.25071/10315/35249
Published: CSME-SCGM
ISSN: 978-1-77355-023-7
Date: 2018-05

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