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Gender differences and quality of life in atrial fibrillation: The mediating role of depression

Gender differences and quality of life in atrial fibrillation: The mediating role of depression

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Title: Gender differences and quality of life in atrial fibrillation: The mediating role of depression
Author: Ong, Lephuong
Irvine, Jane
Nolan, Robert
Cribbie, Robert A.
Harris, Louise
Newman, David
Mangat, Iqwal
Dorian, Paul
Abstract: Objective
This study investigated gender differences, depression, and health-related quality of life (QoL) in a cross-sectional sample of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Methods
This cross-sectional study involved a convenience sample of AF patients from two tertiary-care clinics in Toronto, Canada. Ninety-three AF patients completed psychometrically validated measures of generic QoL and depression. Mediation analyses evaluated the relationship between gender and QoL using depression as mediating variable.

Results
Relative to male patients, female patients reported lower physical, but not mental, QoL. Gender was associated with both depression and physical QoL, while depression was correlated with poorer physical QoL. Path analyses demonstrated that depression significantly mediated the relationship between gender and physical QoL.

Conclusion
Among AF patients, female patients report lower physical QoL relative to male patients, and this relationship may be mediated by self-reported symptoms of depression. Albeit correlational, the findings underscore the need to develop a better understanding of the role of depression in physical QoL, especially when considering the burden of AF in women.
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Subject: Atrial fibrillation
Depression
Gender
Quality of life
Type: Article
Rights: https://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(06)00380-1/fulltext
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.08.003
http://hdl.handle.net/10315/34622
Published: Elsevier
Citation: Ong, L., Irvine, J., Nolan, R., Cribbie, R., Harris, L., Newman, D., Mangat, I. & Dorian, P. (2006). Gender differences and quality of life in atrial fibrillation: The mediating role of depression. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61, 769-774. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.08.003
Date: 2006

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