Glucofit: A Pilot Study Evaluating a Brief Action Planning Intervention in Individuals with Pre-Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes
Ayyoub, Luma Ibrahim
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There is a need to support physical activity (PA) participation among people with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) considers post-intentional factors, translating intentions into behaviour. Brief action planning (BAP) improves self-efficacy (SE) and may support PA among people with T2DM within the framework of the HAPA model. Purpose: Evaluate the effects of a BAP intervention among people with pre-diabetes and T2DM. Methods: Adults with pre-diabetes and T2DM (N=13) completed measures of the HAPA constructs and self-reported PA before and after engaging in 4 weeks of BAP. Results: There were significant improvements in maintenance SE (p =.05; d=-.4), and planning (p=.02; d=-1.32) following BAP. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that BAP may be useful to improve HAPA constructs, and maintain PA among people with T2DM. Future research with a larger sample is warranted to further understand BAP as a tool to support PA.