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Attentional Switching in Infants Exposed to Bilingual Versus Monolingual Environment

Attentional Switching in Infants Exposed to Bilingual Versus Monolingual Environment

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Title: Attentional Switching in Infants Exposed to Bilingual Versus Monolingual Environment
Author: Kakvan, Mahta
Abstract: Acquiring two languages poses a challenge to bilingual individuals, but the process of switching attention between two languages may equip bilinguals with enhanced cognitive control abilities such as top-down attentional control. In the current study, 6- to 7-month-old monolingually- and bilingually-exposed infants were examined on a task that required the use of top-down attentional control. Using a task called the Visual Expectation Cueing Paradigm (VExCP), infants anticipatory eye movements (EM) were measured to determine if they could override the previously learned cue-target side relation presented during pre-switch and learn the new cue-target side relation in post-switch. Although monolingually- and bilingually-exposed infants showed relatively equal number of correct anticipatory EM initially during post-switch, bilingually-exposed infants, towards the end of the task, outperformed monolingually-exposed infants in exhibiting correct anticipatory EM.
Subject: Developmental psychology
Keywords: Infancy
Attentional switching
Visual expectations
Bilingualism
Type: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Rights: Author owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/33562
Supervisor: Adler, Scott A.
Degree: MA - Master of Arts
Program: Psychology (Functional Area: Developmental Science)
Exam date: 2017-03-08
Publish on: 2017-07-27

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