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Depression in youth with autism spectrum disorders: The role of ASD vulnerabilities and family-environmental stressors

Depression in youth with autism spectrum disorders: The role of ASD vulnerabilities and family-environmental stressors

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Title: Depression in youth with autism spectrum disorders: The role of ASD vulnerabilities and family-environmental stressors
Author: Fung, Stephanie
Weiss, Jonathan A.
Lunsky, Yona
Abstract: Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are at an increased risk of mental health problems, with depression being one of the most common presenting issues. The current study used a diathesis-stress model to investigate stressors [parent distress and negative life events (NLE)] and vulnerabilities (youth age and intellectual functioning) as predictors of depressive symptoms in youth with ASD. Parents of youth with ASD (N=91; ages 7 to 25 years) completed online questionnaires about demographic variables, distress, NLE, and youth depression. High parent distress and exposure to 3 or more NLE were associated with symptoms of depression in individuals with ASD. Also, youth with ASD who were younger, or who were noted to have average or above intellectual functioning, were reported to have higher depression levels than other individuals with ASD. None of the vulnerabilities were found to moderate the relationships between stressors and depression.
Sponsor: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Ontario Mental Health Foundation
Subject: ASD
youth depression
parent distress
negative life events
Type: Article
Rights: The Version of Record of this manuscript has been published and is available in Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Volume 8, Issue 3-4, 2015 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19315864.2015.1017892
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19315864.2015.1017892
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/umid20/current#.VxeKjZMrLJ8
http://taylorandfrancis.com/
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/31161
Published: Taylor & Francis Group
Citation: Fung, S. Lunsky, Y., & Weiss, J. A. (2015). Depression in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders: The role of ASD vulnerabilities and family –environmental stressors. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 8, 120-139.
ISSN: 1931-5864 ; 1931-5872
Date: 17/03/2015

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