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Geopolitics, State-Formation and Economic Development in Quebec and Ontario

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dc.contributor.advisor Lacher, Hannes P.
dc.creator Gheller, Frantz
dc.date.accessioned 2015-08-28T15:22:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-08-28T15:22:09Z
dc.date.copyright 2015-01-23
dc.date.issued 2015-08-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30006
dc.description.abstract This dissertation challenges the prevailing periodization of Quebec and Ontario’s economic development in Canadian historiography by contrasting the specificity of capitalist social relations with the non-capitalist forms of social reproduction belonging to French Canadian peasants and Upper Canadian farmers in the colonial period. With a few notable exceptions, existing historical interpretations assume that capitalism was there, at least in embryo, from the colony’s very beginning in the guise of the fur trade, manufacturing, or a local bourgeoisie. By contrast, this thesis brings together, through a comparative perspective, different pieces of the interconnected histories of France, Britain, the United States, Ontario, and Quebec in order to show that capitalism did not arrive on the shores of the St. Lawrence River with the first settlers. The dissertation also brings together pieces of the uneven intra-regional histories of these regions, and provides a general reflection on how to systematically integrate the geopolitical dimension of social change into historical sociology, political economy, and comparative politics. As such, the question with which the thesis is concerned is not exclusively that of the transition to capitalism in Quebec or in Ontario, but more broadly the interrelated questions of state-formation and ‘late development’ in north-eastern North America. One of the main findings of the dissertation is that only with the development of industrial capitalism in the north-eastern United States were the conditions for the emergence of capital-intensive types of agriculture in rural areas of Quebec and Ontario put in place. American breakthroughs toward industrial capitalism irrevocably transformed the system-wide conditions under which subsequent agricultural evolution took place in neighbouring regions, generating a new geopolitical configuration in which customary peasant production continued to persist in Quebec alongside petty-commodity farmers in Upper Canada and the development of industrial capitalism in urban areas such as Montreal. These findings bring to the fore the need to directly address the ‘peasant question’ in order to understand the impact of the continued existence of a large peasantry on state-formation and the long-term economic development of Quebec during the period when industrial capitalism was emerging as a dominant feature of the North American economy.
dc.language.iso en
dc.rights Author owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
dc.subject Political Science
dc.subject Canadian history
dc.subject Agriculture economics
dc.title Geopolitics, State-Formation and Economic Development in Quebec and Ontario
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.discipline Political Science
dc.degree.name PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
dc.degree.level Doctoral
dc.date.updated 2015-08-28T15:22:09Z
dc.subject.keywords Political science
dc.subject.keywords International relations
dc.subject.keywords Historical sociology
dc.subject.keywords Agrarian political economy
dc.subject.keywords Agrarian change
dc.subject.keywords Peasant question
dc.subject.keywords Agrarian question
dc.subject.keywords Late development
dc.subject.keywords Capitalism
dc.subject.keywords Capitalist agriculture
dc.subject.keywords Agriculture
dc.subject.keywords Canadian politics
dc.subject.keywords Canadian history
dc.subject.keywords Agriculture economics
dc.subject.keywords Transition to capitalism
dc.subject.keywords Political Marxism
dc.subject.keywords Social-property relations
dc.subject.keywords Atlantic history
dc.subject.keywords New World
dc.subject.keywords Colonial state formation
dc.subject.keywords Colonialism
dc.subject.keywords State formation
dc.subject.keywords Colony
dc.subject.keywords North America
dc.subject.keywords Quebec
dc.subject.keywords Ontario
dc.subject.keywords Farmers
dc.subject.keywords Peasants
dc.subject.keywords Comparison
dc.subject.keywords Comparative perspective
dc.subject.keywords Comparative methodology
dc.subject.keywords Comparative sociology
dc.subject.keywords State
dc.subject.keywords Absolutism
dc.subject.keywords Feudalism
dc.subject.keywords Absolutist state
dc.subject.keywords Capital-intensive
dc.subject.keywords Petty commodity production
dc.subject.keywords Petty commodity producers
dc.subject.keywords Independent household production
dc.subject.keywords Independent household producers
dc.subject.keywords Staple
dc.subject.keywords Fur trade
dc.subject.keywords Wheat
dc.subject.keywords Dairy
dc.subject.keywords Capital
dc.subject.keywords Upper Canada
dc.subject.keywords Lower Canada
dc.subject.keywords New France
dc.subject.keywords French Canadians
dc.subject.keywords St Lawrence River
dc.subject.keywords St Lawrence Valley
dc.subject.keywords Great Lakes
dc.subject.keywords Canada
dc.subject.keywords Capitalist social relations
dc.subject.keywords Non-capitalist social relations
dc.subject.keywords Socioeconomic development
dc.subject.keywords Canadian historiography
dc.subject.keywords Periodization
dc.subject.keywords Settlers
dc.subject.keywords Settlement
dc.subject.keywords Land
dc.subject.keywords Land tenure
dc.subject.keywords Property
dc.subject.keywords Rural areas
dc.subject.keywords Countryside
dc.subject.keywords Industrialization
dc.subject.keywords Industrial capitalism
dc.subject.keywords Agricultural revolution
dc.subject.keywords Subsistence
dc.subject.keywords Customs
dc.subject.keywords Peasantry
dc.subject.keywords North American economy
dc.subject.keywords Mercantilism
dc.subject.keywords Commercialization
dc.subject.keywords Commerce
dc.subject.keywords Culture
dc.subject.keywords Strategy of reproduction
dc.subject.keywords Strategies of reproduction
dc.subject.keywords Territorialization
dc.subject.keywords Frontier
dc.subject.keywords Canadian provinces
dc.subject.keywords Trade
dc.subject.keywords Territory
dc.subject.keywords Rebellions
dc.subject.keywords American revolution
dc.subject.keywords American capitalism
dc.subject.keywords Uneven development
dc.subject.keywords Uneven and combined development
dc.subject.keywords Church
dc.subject.keywords Catholic Church
dc.subject.keywords Immigration
dc.subject.keywords Rural exodus
dc.subject.keywords Seigneuries
dc.subject.keywords Seigneurial regime
dc.subject.keywords Seigneurial system
dc.subject.keywords Sociology
dc.subject.keywords History
dc.subject.keywords Politics
dc.subject.keywords Class struggle
dc.subject.keywords Social conflict
dc.subject.keywords Resistance
dc.subject.keywords Political institutions
dc.subject.keywords State forms
dc.subject.keywords Open-field system
dc.subject.keywords Agrarian capitalism
dc.subject.keywords Improvement
dc.subject.keywords Market dependence
dc.subject.keywords Market dependency
dc.subject.keywords Market
dc.subject.keywords Means of production
dc.subject.keywords Labour
dc.subject.keywords Offices
dc.subject.keywords Ruling class
dc.subject.keywords Familial reproduction
dc.subject.keywords Division of labour
dc.subject.keywords Transition debate
dc.subject.keywords Geopolitics
dc.subject.keywords Capitalist production
dc.subject.keywords Merchants
dc.subject.keywords Merchant capital
dc.subject.keywords Peasant society
dc.subject.keywords Improved farming
dc.subject.keywords Sales system
dc.subject.keywords Agricultural crisis

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