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dc.contributor.advisorShort, Nicola C.
dc.creatorGranovsky-Larsen, Simon Garth
dc.description.abstractThe Guatemalan campesino social movement, based in mostly indigenous small and landless farmers, has organized for agrarian reform since the 1970s. This dissertation explores the movement since the end of the Guatemalan armed conflict in 1996, weighing the impact of such factors as the peace process and a neoliberal transition. The dissertation first establishes the role played within the movement by communities that have gained access to land. Secondly, given a reliance on resources from neoliberal institutions such as a World Bank-funded agency for market-led agrarian reform, the Fondo de Tierras, the dissertation asks whether engagement with neoliberalism lessens the impact of the movement. Six case studies—with the National Indigenous and Campesino Coordinator (Coordinadora Nacional Indígena y Campesina, CONIC), the Campesino Committee of the Highlands (Comité Campesino del Altiplano, CCDA), and four rural communities—direct the dissertation to the following conclusions. First, Guatemalan social movements have participated directly in the transition to neoliberalism, due to the political-economic context laid by the end of armed conflict. Second, a tally of land access in the post-conflict period suggests that the amount of land won through agrarian struggles such as historical land claims, rural labour disputes, and land occupations surpasses that sold through the Fondo de Tierras. Finally, assessment of the case studies shows that engagement with neoliberal resources has not reduced the potential of the movement to resist or to establish alternatives to capitalism. In fact, the case studies demonstrate successful projects of non-capitalist socio-economic organization established using neoliberal resources. The dissertation concludes that social movements are capable of engaging strategically with neoliberalism, and that the Guatemalan campesino movement has managed to extract benefits from the neoliberal order while remaining true to transformative goals. Evidence to support these arguments was collected over twelve months of fieldwork using activist research methods, and included participant observation and a total of 137 interviews, survey interviews, and recorded testimonies. Interviews were conducted through the case studies, as well as with an additional ten campesino organizations, with other grassroots groups, and with state institutions. Archival research and access-to-information requests also produced data on national agrarian trends.
dc.rightsAuthor owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
dc.subjectPolitical Science
dc.subjectLatin American studies
dc.titleWithin and Against the Market: The Guatemalan Campesino Movement under Neoliberal Peace
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US Science - Doctor of Philosophy
dc.subject.keywordsAlternatives to neoliberalism
dc.subject.keywordsAgrarian change
dc.subject.keywordsAgrarian conflicts
dc.subject.keywordsLand conflicts
dc.subject.keywordsLand occupations
dc.subject.keywordsAgrarian reform
dc.subject.keywordsMarket-led agrarian reform
dc.subject.keywordsMarket-assisted land reform
dc.subject.keywordsCampesino movements
dc.subject.keywordsPeasant movements
dc.subject.keywordsGuatemalan campesino movement
dc.subject.keywordsSocial movements
dc.subject.keywordsRural social movements
dc.subject.keywordsLatin American social movements
dc.subject.keywordsCounter-hegemonic social movements
dc.subject.keywordsDecolonial social movements
dc.subject.keywordsIndigenous social movements
dc.subject.keywordsIndigenous peoples
dc.subject.keywordsIndigenous territory
dc.subject.keywordsDefence of territory
dc.subject.keywordsCritical development studies
dc.subject.keywordsInternational development
dc.subject.keywordsPolitical economy
dc.subject.keywordsComparative politics
dc.subject.keywordsLatin America
dc.subject.keywordsCentral America
dc.subject.keywordsGuatemalan politics
dc.subject.keywordsGuatemalan peace process
dc.subject.keywordsPost-conflict transitions
dc.subject.keywordsPost-conflict violence
dc.subject.keywordsDirect Trade coffee
dc.subject.keywordsWorld Bank
dc.subject.keywordsFondo de Tierras
dc.subject.keywordsSecretaría de Asuntos Agrarios de Guatemala
dc.subject.keywordsCoordinadora Nacional Indígena y Campesina (CONIC)
dc.subject.keywordsComité Campesino del Altiplano (CCDA)
dc.subject.keywordsAntonio Gramsci
dc.subject.keywordsCharles R. Hale
dc.subject.keywordsActivist research methodology
dc.subject.keywordsActivist scholarship

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