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Variability in Infant Acute Pain Responding Meaningfully Obscured By Averaging Pain Responses
Given the inherent variability in pain responding, using an "average" pain score may pose serious threats to internal and external validity of current research findings. Using growth mixture modeling (GMM), the paper ...
The role of infant pain behaviour in predicting parent pain ratings
(Pain and Research Management, 2014)
BACKGROUND: Research investigating how observers empathize or form estimations of an individual experiencing pain suggests that both characteristics of the observer (‘top down’) and characteristics of the individual in ...