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dc.contributor.advisorGoldberg, Joel
dc.creatorZhao, Wenfeng
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-05T14:46:26Z
dc.date.available2019-03-05T14:46:26Z
dc.date.copyright2018-10-04
dc.date.issued2019-03-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10315/35831
dc.description.abstractSelf-stigma, the internalization of public stigma, is a significant hindrance to help-seeking and treatment adherence for mental illness. Stigma reduction strategies have thus far focused on mitigating the negative impact of self-stigma by bolstering self-esteem. However, self-esteem is resistant to change and direct attempts to boost self-esteem have been suggested to foster narcissism and unhealthy attachment to positive self-image. Alternatively, self-compassion has been demonstrated to offer similar benefits as self-esteem with fewer downsides. More importantly, self-compassion can be improved with short interventions. Study One is a mixed method study that examined how self-compassion, and the different facets of self-compassion, related to mental health stigma and help-seeking attitude and intentions. Study One compared self-compassion and self-esteem as predictors of self-stigma related to having a mental illness (SSMI) and self-stigma of seeking help for mental illness (SSOSH). Regression analyses showed that self-compassion uniquely predicted both forms of self-stigma and explained more of the variances in both SSMI and SSOSH than self-esteem in a sample of undergraduate students (N = 185). Findings also suggest that the self-kindness aspect of self-compassion may be more protective against SSMI, whereas common humanity is particularly relevant for SSOSH and help-seeking. The qualitative component of Study One revealed both interpersonal and intrapersonal themes in participants perception and experience of SSOSH. Study Two explored the potential of a brief one-time intervention to improve self-stigma and help-seeking attitude and intentions in a separate sample of undergraduate students (N = 133). Study Two also found evidence that self-efficacy and perceived self-competence, two factors positively related to self-compassion, may deter professional help-seeking. Findings of the present set of studies indicate that self-compassion is a promising target for intervention to reduce both forms of self-stigma identified as barriers to mental health recovery.
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsAuthor owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
dc.subjectSocial psychology
dc.titleSelf-Compassion as a Protective Factor Against Mental Illness Self-Stigma
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.degree.disciplinePsychology(Functional Area: Clinical Psychology)
dc.degree.namePhD - Doctor of Philosophy
dc.degree.levelDoctoral
dc.date.updated2019-03-05T14:46:25Z
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-compassion
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-stigma
dc.subject.keywordsStigma intervention
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-esteem
dc.subject.keywordsMental health stigma
dc.subject.keywordsHelp-seeking
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-efficacy
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-competence
dc.subject.keywordsMixed-method


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