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dc.contributor.authorRezvani Rad, Milad
dc.contributor.authorMarsden, Rick
dc.contributor.authorMcDonald, André
dc.descriptionPaper presented at 2018 Canadian Society of Mechanical Engineers International Congress, 27-30 May 2018.en_US
dc.description.abstractSolidification of water in closed piping systems is a common phenomenon in both the industrial and residential sectors. In some cases, the resulting damage may be both costly and dangerous and thus warrants attention. Therefore, further study of the cooling and freezing behavior of stagnant water within closed pipes seems to be necessary. In this regard, several experiments were performed to investigate the freezing behavior of water in pipes. The inelastic deformation, work hardening, and fracture of the pipes that were caused by volume expansion due to the freezing of the water were also studied. Two conventional steel pipe materials, namely ASTM A333-6 and ASTM A106-B, were used in the freezing tests. The fracture surfaces of the pipes were analyzed by using both macroscale and microscale images of the surfaces. Fractography analysis of the fractured regions was also performed by using a scanning electron microscope. It was found that the damage caused during freezing to the A106-B pipe was considerably more than that in the A333-6 pipe. The results confirm that A333-6 should be used instead of A106-B in pressure equipment, such as pipes, that are exposed to low temperatures.en_US
dc.rightsThe copyright for the paper content remains with the author
dc.subjectHeat Transferen_US
dc.subjectFracture analysisen_US
dc.subjectIce accumulationen_US
dc.subjectPipe burstingen_US
dc.subjectPressure build-upen_US
dc.subjectPressure vesselen_US
dc.titleTesting Analysis of Freezing Phenomenon in Conventional Carbon Steel Pipesen_US

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