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dc.contributor.authorRacine, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorPillai Riddell, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorFlora, Dave
dc.contributor.authorGarfield, Hartley
dc.contributor.authorGreenberg, Saul
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-04T16:29:24Z
dc.date.available2018-04-04T16:29:24Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationRacine, N., Pillai Riddell, R., Flora, D., Garfield, H., & Greenberg, S. (2012). A longitudinal examination of verbal reassurance during infant immunization: Occurrence and examination of emotional availability as a potential moderator. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 37(8), 935-944. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy-jss066
dc.identifier.uridoi: 10.1093/jpepsy-jss066en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10315/34448
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations between caregiver verbal reassurance and infant pain-related distress during immunization over the first year of life. The relationships between verbal reassurance and caregiver emotional availability (EA) were also examined. Finally, EA was investigated as a moderator of the relationship between verbal reassurance and infant pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted with 606 infants (and their parents) at 4 different ages (n = 376 at 2 months, n = 455 at 4 months, n = 484 at 6 months, and n = 407 at 12 months). RESULTS: Verbal reassurance was positively associated with infant distress across all four ages. EA was only negatively related to verbal reassurance at 12 months of age. EA was not a significant moderator at any age. CONCLUSION: Findings demonstrate consistent but small relationships between verbal reassurance and infant pain over the first year of life.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherJournal of Pediatric Psychologyen_US
dc.rightsThis is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Pediatric Psychology following peer review. The version of recordRacine, N., Pillai Riddell, R., Flora, D., Garfield, H., & Greenberg, S. (2012). A longitudinal examination of verbal reassurance during infant immunization: Occurrence and examination of emotional availability as a potential moderator. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 37(8), 935-944. is available online at: xxxxxxx doi: 10.1093/jpepsy-jss066en_US
dc.subjectverbal reassuranceen_US
dc.subjectinfant painen_US
dc.subjectimmunizationen_US
dc.subjectemotional availabilityen_US
dc.titleA longitudinal examination of verbal reassurance during infant immunization: Occurrence and examination of emotional availability as a potential moderator
dc.typeArticleen_US


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