Exploiting semantics for improving clinical information retrieval
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Clinical information retrieval (IR) presents several challenges including terminology mismatch and granularity mismatch. One of the main objectives in clinical IR is to fill the semantic gap among the queries and documents and going beyond keywords matching. To address these issues, in this study we attempt to use semantic information to improve the performance of clinical IR systems by representing queries in an expressive and meaningful context. In this study we propose query context modeling to improve the effectiveness of clinical IR systems. To model query contexts we propose two novel approaches to modeling medical query contexts. The first approach concerns modeling medical query contexts based on mining semantic-based AR for improving clinical text retrieval. The query context is derived from the rules that cover the query and then weighted according to their semantic relatedness to the query concepts. In our second approach we model a representative query context by developing query domain ontology. To develop query domain ontology we extract all the concepts that have semantic relationship with the query concept(s) in UMLS ontologies. Query context represents concepts extracted from query domain ontology and weighted according to their semantic relatedness to the query concept(s). The query context is then exploited in the patient records query expansion and re-ranking for improving clinical retrieval performance. We evaluate this approach on the TREC Medical Records dataset. Results show that our proposed approach significantly improves the retrieval performance compare to classic keyword-based IR model.