Now showing items 11-20 of 332
Preemptive analgesia. Clinical evidence of neuroplasticity contributing to postoperative pain.
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1992-09)
Recent evidence suggests that surgical incision and other noxious perioperative events may induce prolonged changes in central neural function that later contribute to postoperative pain. The present study tested the ...
The Use of Air in the Inspired Gas Mixture During Two-Lung Ventilation Delays Lung Collapse During One-Lung Ventilation
(Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2009)
BACKGROUND: Collapse of the ipsilateral lung facilitates surgical exposure during thoracic procedures. The use of different gas mixtures during two-lung ventilation (2LV) may improve or impede surgical conditions during ...
Pain, opioid tolerance and sensitisation to nociception in the neonate
Pain is commonplace in newborn infants. Opioid analgesics have become increasingly used to reduce different types of pain in neonates, including pain from surgery, medical procedures and chronic conditions. Adverse effects ...
Multimodal analgesia before thoracic surgery does not reduce postoperative pain
(Oxford University Press, 1994)
Several reports have suggested that preoperative nociceptive block may reduce postoperative pain, analgesic requirements, or both, beyond the anticipated duration of action of the analgesic agents. We have investigated, ...
Cold intolerance after brachial plexus nerve injury
Background. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cold intolerance symptoms in patients with brachial plexus nerve injury. We hypothesized that higher levels of cold intolerance would be associated with more pain, ...
Depression in youth with autism spectrum disorders: The role of ASD vulnerabilities and family-environmental stressors
(Taylor & Francis Group, 17/03/2015)
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are at an increased risk of mental health problems, with depression being one of the most common presenting issues. The current study used a diathesis-stress model to ...
Posttraumatic stress symptoms and the diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability in patients undergoing major surgery
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2010-07)
Objectives: To (1) use structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine relationships proposed in Turk’s diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability as well as (2) investigate what role, if any, posttraumatic stress ...
Transition from acute to chronic postsurgical pain: risk factors and protective factors
(Expert Reviews, 2009)
Most patients who undergo surgery recover uneventfully and resume their normal daily activities within weeks. Nevertheless, chronic postsurgical pain develops in an alarming proportion of patients. The prevailing approach ...
Validation of the numerical rating scale for pain intensity and unpleasantness in pediatric acute postoperative pain: sensitivity to change over time
This study evaluates the construct validity (including sensitivity to change) of the numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain intensity (I) and unpleasantness (U) and participant pain scale preferences in children/adolescents ...