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Assessing pain in infancy: The caregiver context
(Pain and Research Management, 2009)
BacKgroUnD: Pain is largely accepted as being influenced by social context. Unlike most other developmental stages throughout the lifespan, infancy is marked by complete dependence on the caregiver. The present paper ...
Naturalistic Parental Pain Management During Immunizations over the First Year of Life: Observational Norms from the OUCH Cohort
No research to date has descriptively catalogued what parents of healthy infants are naturalistically doing to manage their infant's pain over immunization appointments across the first year of life. This knowledge, in ...
A cross-sectional examination of the relationships between caregiver proximal soothing and infant pain over the first year of life
Although previous research has examined the relationships between caregiver proximal soothing and infant pain, there is a paucity of work taking infant age into account, despite the steep developmental trajectory that ...