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Assessing pain in infancy: The caregiver context
(Pain and Research Management, 2009)
BacKgroUnD: Pain is largely accepted as being influenced by social context. Unlike most other developmental stages throughout the lifespan, infancy is marked by complete dependence on the caregiver. The present paper ...
Non-pharmacological management of infant and young child procedural pain: An abridged Cochrane review
(Pain and Research Management, 2011)
BACKGROUND: Acute pain and distress during medical procedures are commonplace for young children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for acute procedural pain in children up to three ...
Infant pain-regulation as an early predictor of childhood temperament
BACKGROUND: There is considerable variability in infants’ responses to painful stimuli, including facial and vocal expressions. This variability in pain-related distress response may be an indicator of temperament ...
Predicting preschool pain-related anticipatory distress: the relative contribution of longitudinal and concurrent factors
Anticipatory distress prior to a painful medical procedure can lead to negative sequelae including heightened pain experiences, avoidance of future medical procedures, and potential non-compliance with preventative ...