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The Resentful Embittered Personality, Adjustment and Depression in Student and Marital Relationships

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dc.contributor.advisor Flett, Gordon L.
dc.creator Velyvis, Vytas P.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-26T14:36:28Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-26T14:36:28Z
dc.date.copyright 2014-06-20
dc.date.issued 2015-01-26
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10315/28213
dc.description.abstract Hostility and anger have long been shown to be predictive of negative psychological, interpersonal and physical outcomes. Much of the literature, has focused on hostility as a state rather than a personality trait and has not attempted to explicate the link between embittered personality and depression. To achieve these goals, a newly created measure called the Resentful Embittered Personality Scale (REPS) was evaluated in detail. First, the literature examining the construct of embitterment and hostility was reviewed, its links with depression was explained, and unpublished pilot data were reviewed. Next, the psychometric properties, convergent and divergent validity, and reliability of the REPS were evaluated in the first study by exploring correlations with the NEO-FFI and other specific personality constructs and measures of hostility and distress. The second study evaluated the REPS with the larger measure of general personality, the NEO-PI-R, to further understand the nuances of these relationships between the REPS and the specific facets from the Big Five measure of personality. The focus of the third study was to examine the REPS with respect to both well-being and distress along with measures of stress. Finally, the fourth study examined the predictive validity of the REPS with respect to dyadic adjustment and depression six months later, after the birth of their first child. Results showed that the REPS was a valid and reliable measure and that the construct’s associations with certain factors of the NEO-PI R suggested that it reflected a highly ego-defensive and interpersonally sensitive personality style that likely functioned to set up a self-fulfilling prophecy of expected and elicited interpersonally conflictual exchanges. Multiple hierarchical regression analyses found that the REPS predicted both main and interactive effects of psychological distress and well-being over and above other personality and stress measures. Finally, embittered personality predicted poorer dyadic adjustment and depression for both male and female heterosexual couples three months after the birth of their first child. Together these results lent support to the interpersonal and negative affectivity theories of depression and have shown the REPS to be a valid, reliable and useful personality measure for personality, interpersonal and clinical purposes.
dc.language.iso en
dc.rights Author owns copyright, except where explicitly noted. Please contact the author directly with licensing requests.
dc.subject Clinical psychology
dc.subject Counseling psychology
dc.subject Personality psychology
dc.title The Resentful Embittered Personality, Adjustment and Depression in Student and Marital Relationships
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.degree.discipline Psychology (Functional Area: Clinical Psychology)
dc.degree.name PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
dc.degree.level Doctoral
dc.date.updated 2015-01-26T14:36:28Z
dc.subject.keywords Post-natal depression en_US
dc.subject.keywords Anger en_US
dc.subject.keywords Angry en_US
dc.subject.keywords Hostile en_US
dc.subject.keywords Hostility en_US
dc.subject.keywords Resentment en_US
dc.subject.keywords Resentful en_US
dc.subject.keywords Embitterment en_US
dc.subject.keywords Embittered en_US
dc.subject.keywords Personality en_US
dc.subject.keywords Big five en_US
dc.subject.keywords Relationships en_US
dc.subject.keywords Interpersonal en_US
dc.subject.keywords Attachment en_US
dc.subject.keywords Cynicism en_US
dc.subject.keywords Depression en_US
dc.subject.keywords Adjustment en_US
dc.subject.keywords Marital adjustment en_US
dc.subject.keywords Life stress en_US
dc.subject.keywords Stress en_US
dc.subject.keywords Wellness en_US
dc.subject.keywords Marital relationships en_US
dc.subject.keywords Students en_US
dc.subject.keywords Psychotherapy en_US
dc.subject.keywords Attachment styles en_US
dc.subject.keywords Interpersonal circumplex en_US
dc.subject.keywords Interpersonal en_US

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