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Caregiver beliefs underlying infant pain judgments: Contrasts of parents, nurses and paediatricians
(Pain and Research Management, 2008)
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that caregivers’ beliefs pertaining to infant pain and which infant pain cues are perceived to be important play an integral role in pediatric pain assessment and management. OBJECTIVES: ...
Non-pharmacological management of infant and young child procedural pain: An abridged Cochrane review
(Pain and Research Management, 2011)
BACKGROUND: Acute pain and distress during medical procedures are commonplace for young children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for acute procedural pain in children up to three ...
Infant pain-regulation as an early predictor of childhood temperament
BACKGROUND: There is considerable variability in infants’ responses to painful stimuli, including facial and vocal expressions. This variability in pain-related distress response may be an indicator of temperament ...
Toy-mediated distraction: Clarifying the role of the agent of distraction and pre-needle distress
(Pain and Research Management, 2013)
BaCkGRound: Distraction has recently gained attention as a technique that may help reduce acute pain in infants and toddlers; however, results remain equivocal. It appears that these mixed results stem from a variety ...