Now showing items 1-20 of 105
Yoga May Ease Pain of Women with Fibromyalgia
An eight-week yoga program may decrease pain in women with fibromyalgia. It alters cortisol levels and, by making women more mindful, seems to encourage them to feel less helpless about their pain.
A Randomized-controlled Trial of Parent-led Tactile Stimulation to Reduce Pain During Infant Immunization Injections
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2014-03)
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of parent-led tactile stimulation for pain reduction when added to a combination of evidence-based pain-reducing interventions in infants undergoing immunization injections. Methods: ...
Validation of the numerical rating scale for pain intensity and unpleasantness in pediatric acute postoperative pain: sensitivity to change over time
This study evaluates the construct validity (including sensitivity to change) of the numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain intensity (I) and unpleasantness (U) and participant pain scale preferences in children/adolescents ...
An institutional ethnography of chronic pain management in family medicine (COPE) study protocol
(BioMed Central, 2015-11)
Background: Patients with chronic conditions and multiple comorbidities represent a growing challenge for health care globally. Improved coordination of care is considered essential for providing more effective and ...
Stability of phantom limb phenomena after upper limb amputation: A longitudinal study
Amputees may experience stump pain (SP), phantom limb (PL) sensations, pain, and/or a general awareness of the missing limb. The mechanisms underlying these perceptions could involve nervous system neuroplasticity and be ...
Emotional numbing and pain intensity predict the development of pain disability up to one year after lateral thoracotomy
Little is known about the factors that predict the transition of acute, time limited pain to chronic pathological pain following postero-lateral thoracotomy. The aim of the present prospective, longitudinal study was to ...
Adding Gabapentin to a multimodal regimen does not reduce acute pain, opioid consumption or chronic pain after total hip arthroplasty
Background: Gabapentin (GPN) is effective in reducing post-operative pain and opioid consumption, but its effects with regional anesthesia for total hip arthroplasty (THA) are not known. We designed this study to determine ...
Children with chronic pain: Impact of sex and age on long-term outcomes
The present study examined the long-term pain and disability outcomes of a pediatric chronic pain clinic cohort and evaluated whether these outcomes differed by age and sex. Patients were interviewed a mean of 3 years after ...
Pain-related anxiety influences pain perception differently in men and women: A quantitative sensory test across thermal pain modalities
The sexes differ with respect to perception of experimental pain. Anxiety influences pain perception more in men than in women; however, there lacks research exploring which anxiety constructs influence pain perception ...
Posttraumatic stress symptoms and the diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability in patients undergoing major surgery
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2010-07)
Objectives: To (1) use structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine relationships proposed in Turk’s diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability as well as (2) investigate what role, if any, posttraumatic stress ...
Current status of preemptive analgesia.
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2002-08)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The controversy over preemptive analgesia continues unabated, with studies both supporting and refuting its efficacy. The timing of an analgesic intervention and presence of a placebo control may have ...
Gabapentin reduces preoperative anxiety and pain catastrophizing in highly anxious patients prior to major surgery: a blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial
Gabapentin is increasingly being used for the treatment of postoperative pain and a variety of psychiatric diseases, including chronic anxiety disorders. Trials have reported mixed results when gabapentin has been administered ...
Validity of the Patient Specific Functional Scale in patients following upper extremity nerve injury
Purpose. This study evaluated the validity of the Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) in patients with upper extremity nerve injury. Methods. Following Research Ethics Boards (REB) approval, we included English-speaking ...
Cold intolerance after brachial plexus nerve injury
Background. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cold intolerance symptoms in patients with brachial plexus nerve injury. We hypothesized that higher levels of cold intolerance would be associated with more pain, ...
Timing of treatment and pre-emptive analgesia
(CRC Press, 2003)
Survey of the prevalence of immunization non-compliance due to needle fears in children and adults
Needle fears are a documented barrier to immunization in children and adults. There is a paucity of data, however, regarding the prevalence of needle fears and their impact on immunization compliance. In this cross-sectional ...
Dissociation of phantom limb phenomena from stump tactile spatial acuity and sensory thresholds
(Oxford University Press, 2005)
Most amputees experience phantom limb sensations and/or phantom limb pain as well as residual limb (stump) pain that are resistant to treatment. Phantom phenomena are not homogeneous; each patient presents with a unique ...
Prospective diary study of nonpainful and painful phantom sensations in a preselected sample of child and adolescent amputees reporting phantom limbs.
(Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2004)
Objective: To prospectively study factors associated with the occurrence of phantom sensations and pains in a pre-selected sample of child and adolescent amputees reporting phantom limbs. Design: Prospective diary study ...
Pregabalin Effective for the Prevention of Chronic Postsurgical Pain: Really? In response.
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2013-02)