Now showing items 1-20 of 53
Yoga May Ease Pain of Women with Fibromyalgia
An eight-week yoga program may decrease pain in women with fibromyalgia. It alters cortisol levels and, by making women more mindful, seems to encourage them to feel less helpless about their pain.
Distinguishing problematic from nonproblematic postsurgical pain: A pain trajectory analysis after total knee arthroplasty
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2015-03)
The goal of this study was to follow a cohort of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty over time to: (1) identify and describe the various pain trajectories beginning preoperatively and for up to 12 months after ...
Keeping an eye on pain: investigating visual attention biases in individuals with chronic pain using eye-tracking methodology
Attentional biases to painful stimuli are evident in individuals with chronic pain, although the directional tendency of these biases (ie, toward or away from threat-related stimuli) remains unclear. This study used ...
Posttraumatic stress symptoms and the diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability in patients undergoing major surgery
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2010-07)
Objectives: To (1) use structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine relationships proposed in Turk’s diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability as well as (2) investigate what role, if any, posttraumatic stress ...
Relationship Between Pain and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Palliative Care
http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-pain-and-symptom-management/ 0885-3924 Context. Previous research suggests that patients receiving palliative care may simultaneously experience poorly managed pain and ...
Validation of the numerical rating scale for pain intensity and unpleasantness in pediatric acute postoperative pain: sensitivity to change over time
This study evaluates the construct validity (including sensitivity to change) of the numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain intensity (I) and unpleasantness (U) and participant pain scale preferences in children/adolescents ...
Survey of the prevalence of immunization non-compliance due to needle fears in children and adults
Needle fears are a documented barrier to immunization in children and adults. There is a paucity of data, however, regarding the prevalence of needle fears and their impact on immunization compliance. In this cross-sectional ...
Systematic review of yoga for pregnant women: current status and future directions.
(Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012-08)
Objectives. Yoga is used for a variety of immunological, neuromuscular, psychological, and pain conditions. Recent studies indicate that it may be effective in improving pregnancy, labour, and birth outcomes. The purpose ...
Gabapentin reduces preoperative anxiety and pain catastrophizing in highly anxious patients prior to major surgery: a blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial
Gabapentin is increasingly being used for the treatment of postoperative pain and a variety of psychiatric diseases, including chronic anxiety disorders. Trials have reported mixed results when gabapentin has been administered ...
Validity of the Patient Specific Functional Scale in patients following upper extremity nerve injury
Purpose. This study evaluated the validity of the Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) in patients with upper extremity nerve injury. Methods. Following Research Ethics Boards (REB) approval, we included English-speaking ...
Effect of total-body prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective To systematically review the evidence of pre-operative exercise, known as ‘prehabilitation’, on peri- and postoperative outcomesin adult surgical populations.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis.Data sources ...
An institutional ethnography of chronic pain management in family medicine (COPE) study protocol
(BioMed Central, 2015-11)
Background: Patients with chronic conditions and multiple comorbidities represent a growing challenge for health care globally. Improved coordination of care is considered essential for providing more effective and ...
Epidural Analgesia Provides Better Pain Management After Live Liver Donation: A Retrospective Study
Despite the increase in surgical volumes of live liver donation, there has been very little documentation of the postoperative pain experience. The primary aim of this study was to examine the difference in acute postoperative ...
A Randomized-controlled Trial of Parent-led Tactile Stimulation to Reduce Pain During Infant Immunization Injections
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2014-03)
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of parent-led tactile stimulation for pain reduction when added to a combination of evidence-based pain-reducing interventions in infants undergoing immunization injections. Methods: ...
The Prevention of Chronic Postsurgical Pain Using Gabapentin and Pregabalin: A Combined Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2012-08)
BACKGROUND: Many clinical trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of gabapentin and pregabalin administration in the perioperative period as an adjunct to reduce acute postoperative pain. However, very few clinical ...
Pain-related anxiety influences pain perception differently in men and women: A quantitative sensory test across thermal pain modalities
The sexes differ with respect to perception of experimental pain. Anxiety influences pain perception more in men than in women; however, there lacks research exploring which anxiety constructs influence pain perception ...
Biomedical and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Disability After Peripheral Nerve Injury
(Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc, 2011-05)
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomedical and psychosocial factors associated with disability at a minimum of six months following upper-extremity nerve injury. Methods: This cross-sectional study ...
Cold intolerance after brachial plexus nerve injury
Background. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cold intolerance symptoms in patients with brachial plexus nerve injury. We hypothesized that higher levels of cold intolerance would be associated with more pain, ...
Pregabalin Effective for the Prevention of Chronic Postsurgical Pain: Really? In response.
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2013-02)