Now showing items 81-90 of 90
Postoperative Morphine Use and Hyperalgesia Are Reduced by Preoperative but Not Intraoperative Epidural Analgesia: Implications for Preemptive Analgesia and the Prevention of Central Sensitization
(Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2003)
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the postoperative morphine-sparing effects and reduction in pain and secondary mechanical hyperalgesia after preincisional or postincisional epidural administration of a ...
Age differences in postoperative pain are scale dependent: a comparison of measures of pain intensity and quality in younger and older surgical patients
As the population ages, research into the assessment of postoperative pain in older patients is urgently needed. The reliability and validity of most pain scales for the assessment of acute postoperative pain in the elderly ...
Chronic pain, psychopathology, and DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder
(SAGE Publications, 2015-04)
Unlike acute pain that warns us of injury or disease, chronic or persistent pain serves no adaptive purpose. Though there is no agreed on definition of chronic pain, it is commonly referred to as pain that is without ...
Conditioning and Hyperalgesia in Newborns Exposed to Repeated Heel Lances
(American Medical Association, 2002)
Context Hospitalized infants undergo repeated invasive procedures. It is unknown whether cumulative experiences with pain lead to anticipatory pain behaviors and hyperalgesia. Objectives To determine whether newborns ...
Methadone for phantom limb pain
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2002-05)
Objective: The objective of this case series was to determine if severe phantom limb pain could be reduced with oral methadone. Design: Four cases of phantom limb pain refractory to multiple treatment modalities were ...
The Stability of a Ketamine-Morphine Solution
(Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2002)
Recent advances in acute pain mechanisms and management have implicated the N-methyl D-aspartate receptor-ion channel complex in the development of postoperative hyperalgesia and acute opioid tolerance. N-methyl D-aspartate ...
Heart rate variability is enhanced in controls but not maladaptive perfectionists during brief mindfulness meditation following stress-induction: A stratified-randomized trial
(Elsevier Publishing, 2015-06)
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a vagal nerve-mediated biomarker of cardiac function used to investigate chronic illness, psychopathology, stress and, more recently, attention-regulation processes such as meditation. This ...
Pain catastrophizing as a risk factor for chronic pain after total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review
(Dove Medical Press Limited, 05/01/2015)
Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common and costly surgical procedure. Despite high success rates, many TKA patients develop chronic pain in the months and years following surgery, constituting a public health ...
The role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain and depression association
Objective This article aims to examine the role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain–depression association, as well as sex differences in this link. Methods The analyses were carried out using ...
Yoga May Ease Pain of Women with Fibromyalgia
An eight-week yoga program may decrease pain in women with fibromyalgia. It alters cortisol levels and, by making women more mindful, seems to encourage them to feel less helpless about their pain.