Now showing items 1-10 of 52
Current status of preemptive analgesia.
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2002-08)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The controversy over preemptive analgesia continues unabated, with studies both supporting and refuting its efficacy. The timing of an analgesic intervention and presence of a placebo control may have ...
Factors associated with refusal to enter a clinical trial: epidural anesthesia is a deterrent to participation
(Springer Verlag, 2002-06)
Purpose To compare patients who participate in a clinical trial for pain management involving epidural anesthesia to those who refuse and document their reasons for refusing. Methods Demographic and health history ...
Dissociation of phantom limb phenomena from stump tactile spatial acuity and sensory thresholds
(Oxford University Press, 2005)
Most amputees experience phantom limb sensations and/or phantom limb pain as well as residual limb (stump) pain that are resistant to treatment. Phantom phenomena are not homogeneous; each patient presents with a unique ...
Adding Gabapentin to a multimodal regimen does not reduce acute pain, opioid consumption or chronic pain after total hip arthroplasty
Background: Gabapentin (GPN) is effective in reducing post-operative pain and opioid consumption, but its effects with regional anesthesia for total hip arthroplasty (THA) are not known. We designed this study to determine ...
Children with chronic pain: Impact of sex and age on long-term outcomes
The present study examined the long-term pain and disability outcomes of a pediatric chronic pain clinic cohort and evaluated whether these outcomes differed by age and sex. Patients were interviewed a mean of 3 years after ...
Emotional numbing and pain intensity predict the development of pain disability up to one year after lateral thoracotomy
Little is known about the factors that predict the transition of acute, time limited pain to chronic pathological pain following postero-lateral thoracotomy. The aim of the present prospective, longitudinal study was to ...
Amputation and phantom limb pain
(Cambridge University Press, 2007)
A Qualitative Systematic Review of the Role of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Antagonists in Preventive Analgesia
(Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2004)
We evaluated in a qualitative systematic review the effect of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists on reducing postoperative pain and analgesic consumption beyond the clinical duration of action of the target ...
Beta-Endorphin Concentration After Administration of Sucrose in Preterm Infants
(American Medical Association, 2003)
Background Sucrose is an effective analgesic for procedural pain in preterm infants. It has been hypothesized that its analgesic effects are mediated by the release of endogenous opioid neurotransmitters such as ...
Age differences in postoperative pain are scale dependent: a comparison of measures of pain intensity and quality in younger and older surgical patients
As the population ages, research into the assessment of postoperative pain in older patients is urgently needed. The reliability and validity of most pain scales for the assessment of acute postoperative pain in the elderly ...