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Variability in Infant Acute Pain Responding Meaningfully Obscured By Averaging Pain Responses
Given the inherent variability in pain responding, using an "average" pain score may pose serious threats to internal and external validity of current research findings. Using growth mixture modeling (GMM), the paper ...
A cross-sectional examination of the relationships between caregiver proximal soothing and infant pain over the first year of life
Although previous research has examined the relationships between caregiver proximal soothing and infant pain, there is a paucity of work taking infant age into account, despite the steep developmental trajectory that ...
Infant pain-regulation as an early predictor of childhood temperament
BACKGROUND: There is considerable variability in infants’ responses to painful stimuli, including facial and vocal expressions. This variability in pain-related distress response may be an indicator of temperament ...
Naturalistic Parental Pain Management During Immunizations over the First Year of Life: Observational Norms from the OUCH Cohort
No research to date has descriptively catalogued what parents of healthy infants are naturalistically doing to manage their infant's pain over immunization appointments across the first year of life. This knowledge, in ...