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"Representing Refugees in the Life Cycle: A Social Age Analysis of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee Annual Reports and Appeals 2000-2008"

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"Representing Refugees in the Life Cycle: A Social Age Analysis of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee Annual Reports and Appeals 2000-2008"

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Title: "Representing Refugees in the Life Cycle: A Social Age Analysis of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee Annual Reports and Appeals 2000-2008"
Author: Clark-Kazak, Christina
Abstract: This paper provides a longitudinal quantitative and qualitative analysis of textual and visual references to age in UNHCR's annual appeals and reports published from 1999 to 2008. In contrast to an assumed over-representation of children in refugee imagery, this study reveals that adults are present in the greatest number of photographs across the time period studied. However, children, particularly girls, are mentioned much more frequently than adults in the texts, primarily in reference to 'vulnerability' and protection, education and health. Indeed, efforts towards gender- and age-sensitivity have instead reinforced a discourse that presents 'women, children and the elderly' as problematic 'vulnerable' groups and overlooks the complex power relations of gender and social age. The article concludes with some recommendations for re-presenting refugees.
Sponsorship: This research was made possible by a grant from Saint Paul University.
Subject: UNHCR, refugee representation, social age analysis
Type: Article
Rights: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in the Journal of Refugee Studies following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version [Christina Clark-Kazak, "Representing Refugees in the Life Cycle: A Social Age Analysis of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee Annual Reports and Appeals 2000-2008," Journal of Refugee Studies 22.3 (2009): 302-322] is available online at: http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/3/302.full.pdf+html
http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/3/302.full.pdf+html
http://jrs.oxfordjournals.org/
http://www.oxfordjournals.org/
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/9872
Published: Oxford University Press
Citation: Christina Clark-Kazak, "Representing Refugees in the Life Cycle: A Social Age Analysis of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee Annual Reports and Appeals 2000-2008," Journal of Refugee Studies 22.3 (2009): 302-322.
Date: 2009

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